In a place known as the City of Roses, beauty standards for your landscape are pretty high, but that doesn’t mean you have to spend all your free time on yard work. You can have a gorgeous landscape with little effort, and we can help.
Give these 12 low-maintenance landscaping ideas for Portland a try to achieve the yard of your dreams the easy way.
12 Ways to Create a Low-Maintenance Portland Yard
1. Perennial dreams
For a garden that’s full of colorful blooms year after year without having to add new plants every spring, use perennials. Unlike annuals, perennials come back on their own after their dormant season.
Perennial plants last for at least three years, and in some cases many years beyond that.
Portland’s signature roses are a good example of perennials that grow well in this climate. Once you plant a rose bush, such as the knockout rose pictured above, roses will adorn your landscape for years to come.
Which roses are best for your yard? The Portland Rose Society has compiled a list of rose species recommended for gardens in this area.
There are many low-maintenance perennials that thrive in Portland besides roses, too, including catmint, hellebore, and yarrow.
2. Give evergreens the green light
Evergreens are another low-maintenance option for your garden and plant beds. Since evergreens retain their leaves all year, they won’t have you wasting your autumn weekends raking up their fallen leaves.
There are many different shapes and sizes of evergreen shrubs, trees, ground covers, and vines. They aren’t all conifers and pine trees, either. Some more exotic and interesting evergreens, including the bamboo leaf oak pictured above, are hardy enough for Portland.
3. Never enough natives
Whether you’re talking perennials, evergreens, or another class of plants, native Portland plants are your best bet for the most low-maintenance landscape possible.
Here’s why: Native plants grow naturally in the local climate, so they’ve adapted to the cold snaps, heat waves, dry spells, and long stretches of rainy days. That means they won’t die on you easily.
Since native plants know how to grow in the area on their own, they won’t need much maintenance like fertilizing, watering, or pest control from you. They also can survive Portland winters without frost protection measures (in most cases).
Portland’s beautiful natives that would look great in your landscape include Oregon iris, Pacific crabapple, and Douglas spiraea (pictured above).
4. Got mulch?
Adding mulch to your garden and flower beds can make them more low-maintenance. Mulch smothers weeds before they have a chance to grow, so it will eliminate weeding from your landscape to-do list.
Added bonus: Mulch also can help plants retain moisture, so you won’t have to water your plants as frequently during dry periods.
If you choose an organic mulch such as wood chips or bark, keep in mind that you’ll have to replace it every spring after it breaks down into the soil. Inorganic mulches like rubber or stones take less work because one layer can last for years.
5. Garden for a rainy day
With a rain garden, you won’t have to worry about watering your plants, and you won’t have to worry about your property flooding from excessive rain. That’s because rain gardens collect stormwater runoff. Nature will water this garden for you.
In addition to being good for you and your landscape, rain gardens are good for the environment, too. Plants’ roots filter pollutants out of rainwater before it flows naturally back into the Willamette River and other bodies of water. Your future rain garden could help Portland remain one of the “green”-est (most eco-friendly) cities in the country.
When designing your rain garden, you will want to look for plants that can tolerate both drought and flooding. Your garden should be able to withstand dry spells and sit in standing water for up to 48 hours after rainfall.
6. Xeriscape ’til you ache
Xeriscaping is another water-wise alternative to a traditional garden, but this one works much differently than a rain garden. Instead of getting water from nature, a xeriscaped garden simply doesn’t need much water at all.
Xeriscapes feature drought-tolerant plants and hardscapes, so they can go a long time without water. You won’t have to worry about watering a xeriscape, even during dry spells. That means it will save you money on your water bill compared to a standard landscape.
For the most successful xeriscape, use succulents (that’s right, you can grow succulents outdoors in Portland) and drought-tolerant native plants such as creek dogwood, hairy manzanita, and Oregon grape.
7. Ditch the bed, plant a container garden instead
Instead of putting your plants in a landscape bed in the ground, consider creating a container garden featuring potted plants that will be much easier to care for.
With a container garden, you won’t have to get down on your knees to tend your plants. That can be a major bonus for people with limited mobility.
Container gardens also will require less work when winter (or random cold snaps in spring and fall) rolls around. You won’t have to cover your plants or take other frost protection measures for your garden, since you can just bring the pots inside when temperatures start to drop.
Bringing plants inside for winter allows you to use more tropical specimens in your garden because they won’t have to survive freezing or near-freezing temperatures.
8. Get ready to rock (garden)
A rock garden is the most low-maintenance garden you could ask for because it doesn’t have to include plants at all. In a rock garden, the main focus is stones, boulders, and gravel. You can add a few plants or a water feature if you want, but that’s up to you.
You can design your rock garden in any style you want, just as you would with a regular garden, but you won’t have to worry about keeping this one alive.
9. A happy home for hardscapes
In place of a garden (either traditional or one of the lower maintenance options we’ve covered), you could fill your front and backyard with hardscapes.
What is a hardscape? Hardscapes such as patios, fire pits, retaining walls, and pathways only require occasional washing, and they take up space where there would otherwise be grass to mow and plants to water.
When you install hardscapes with pavers or flagstone, lay a solid foundation first. While it will be more work in the present, this foundation will save you time and energy in the future because it will keep the stones from sliding and shifting over the years.
For more information: Oregon State University’s 10-step guide to installing pavers includes detailed instructions on laying the base material.
10. Ground yourself with ground cover
If you want a more traditional lawn, there are many plain green ground covers. On the other hand, you could shoot for a show-stopping lawn with a colorful, flowering variety. Some of the best ground covers for Portland’s USDA Hardiness Zones (8-9) are creeping juniper, ice plant, and sweet alyssum (pictured above).
11. The artificial alternative
While a ground cover lawn would still require some plant care, artificial grass is a completely maintenance-free option. You can’t kill artificial grass (no matter how inattentive you are), and neither can any pets or children who constantly run through your yard.
Artificial grass can be expensive to install, and it doesn’t do any favors for the environment, but if you’re looking for a kid-proof, pet-proof lawn that never needs watering or mowing, you’ve found it.
12. Bring your yard into the era of automation
An automatic irrigation system can help your landscape through dry spells without you having to get out in the yard with a watering can every day. All you’ll have to do is set the timer so your sprinklers know when to come on, and they’ll handle the rest.
If you want a traditional lawn and garden but don’t want to tie yourself to a watering schedule, an automatic irrigation system might be for you.
The convenience of an automatic irrigation system comes at a price. Installing sprinklers can get expensive, especially since they’ll send your water bill through the roof. The good news is they’ll pay you back in their own way by increasing your home’s property value.
FAQ About Low-Maintenance Landscaping in Portland
When should I plant in Portland, Oregon?
Fall is the best time to plant, but really you can plant at any time of year. Portland doesn’t typically get too hot or too cold for planting. The only thing you will want to avoid is planting when the ground is frozen.
What low-maintenance plants grow well in Portland, Oregon?
Portland has many low-maintenance native plants, including:
- Blue-eyed grass
- Broad-leaf shooting star
- Cusick’s checkermallow
- Baldhip rose
- Black gooseberry
- Evergreen huckleberry
- Vine maple
- Black hawthorn
- Oval-leaved viburnum
- Oregon ash
What is the cheapest landscaping for Portland, Oregon?
Many of the low-maintenance landscaping techniques mentioned above are also low cost because they are easy DIY projects, use less water, and won’t require replacing plants frequently.
When to Call a Landscaping Professional
If you need help designing and installing your low-maintenance landscape, a pro landscaper has the expert advice you’re seeking. Local pros will know the best plants for your area, and they will have the construction experience required for large projects like installing patios and building retaining walls.
Even beyond design and installation, landscaping professionals can make your life easier. Many contractors offer regular maintenance services such as bush trimming, lawn treatments, and leaf removal.
Along with our low-maintenance landscaping suggestions, these pros can help you have a beautiful Portland yard without the hassle of taking care of it yourself.