Picking what grass you want to use on your lawn may seem like a daunting task, especially if you’re new to the area. There are a couple things you should know before deciding what grass to populate your yard with. Arizona is listed under the USDA’s plant hardiness zone 9b. This means that the extreme minimum temperature will be around 25 degrees Fahrenheit. With that in mind, here are the best grass types for your lawn in Phoenix.
Know Your Grass Type
The first thing to understand about grass is something called sod groups. There are two of these groups, warm season and cold season. Arizona is one of the hottest states in America, so cold season grasses are only used for overseeding purposes. As such, we’ll be primarily focusing on warm season grasses.
Bermudagrass is the kind of grass you see on golf courses and putting greens. It’s also a top choice for Arizona due to its high heat tolerance. Its ability to stay year round without requiring reseeding is intensely desired. To mow your bermudagrass, you should only leave about a 1” to 1½” in the summer. Since it will go dormant in the winter, let it get to 2” so that the cold doesn’t damage it.
Midiron grass is the most highly sought after turf grass in Arizona. It withstands the intense temperatures of the desert and has a lovely bright green hue to it. Similarly to bermudagrass, midiron will also become dormant in the winter. It’s a very low maintenance turf and can handle a lot of foot traffic. Due to its ability to handle traffic, it’s often seen used in schools and parks. It should be mowed at a height of 2”.
Palmetto St. Augustine is another sought-after grass in Arizona for its ability to thrive in shady areas. If your lawn has a lot of shade, then this is definitely the grass for you. This grass will take several touches of frost to go dormant, but it goes dormant late in the year and rises early in the spring. It doesn’t do well with overseeding, so it’s important to know that you will have to deal with a brown yard in the winter. It can be mowed at a height of 2 ½”.
Since all of these grass types go dormant in the winter, overseeding with a cold season grass is important. The only exception to this rule is the Palmetto St. Augustine, as previously mentioned. By overseeding, you ensure that your lawn stays nice and green year long. This will take extra work but is worth the rewards. The grass that is recommended to perform this task is perennial ryegrass. Overseeding with perennial ryegrass should begin in the fall as to allow it ample time to grow. Once it has settled in and grown nicely, you should mow it at a height of 1½” to 2½”. This will help it look its best during the winter months.
Now that you know what grasses to use on your lawn, remember to follow our mowing instructions to ensure your lawn looks as nice as possible. Using a ruler will help you establish what height your grass is at and adjust your mower accordingly.